Egypt Cement Manufacturing
After subsidised natural gas supplies were cut off back in 2014, cement manufacturers in Egypt were forced to turn to solid fuels, mostly coal and petroleum coke, to make sure their production was commercially viable and remained competitive.
This wasn’t an easy move, and in addition to multiple plant conversion challenges, the increased usage of coal unleashed a wave of public dissatisfaction and concerns over increased emissions. The challenges did not stop there though.
Fuel is by far the largest variable cost in cement production, and since most solid fuels are imported to Egypt, economic crisis and large fluctuations of the value of the local currency complicated the situation for cement manufacturers even further.